tv DW News PBS September 3, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
live from berlin. hungary says it's not responsible for the syrian refugees stranded in the country. thousands of asylum seekers remain trapped at the main trains nation in budapest. hungary's prime minister says it's a german crisis. outrageous words and hornacek images -- horrific images. this photo grabbing the world's attention about life or death for the refugees. and the financial burden -- how to pay for food, shelter, and medicine for the refugees.
it's good to have you with us. while syrian refugees spend another night in budapest with only uncertainty at their side, politicians have started the blame game. hungary today saying germany is responsible for the refugees. more on that in a moment, but we begin our coverage with the confusion and chaos that took place on the tracks in hungary. trains meant to bring refugees to safety became trains going nowhere. reporter: exhausted and hungry, they wanted to leave, go west in the hope of reaching austria, but police stopped their train just 35 kilometers west of would of has an ordered them to get off in the side of a major camp for asylum-seekers -- the site
of a major camp for asylum-seekers. many resisted. this family threw themselves on the track in protest. the passengers are trying to travel through hungary on their way to richer countries in western europe. >> they said "get out of our train at the station." we don't want to stay in hungary. reporter: earlier in budapest, more chaos at the train station. after police ended a blockade, people scrambled to board the train's thought to be headed for austria, but the station announced all direct service to many western european countries was canceled, and many were wary of getting on board. >> complete and utter chaos at this point. we're getting conflicting information about where this train is actually headed.
the billboard says very clearly that all trains to western europe are canceled. reporter: hundreds of migrants are still waiting in the budapest station to leave the country, many of them sleeping on the ground. among them, a newborn baby girl. her father is worried about her safety. "i'm afraid for my baby because the conditions are so bad and so cold. i want to reach britain or germany safely." so far, authorities are not providing any help. for those still stranded, the dream of safety and security in europe remains far off. brent: correspondent max hoffman is following this story for us in the hunt gary and capital. here is what he saw today. max: if anyone in the refugee community had any trust left for
hungary and authorities and police, it's gone after what happened this day. they feel now that the police is doing anything to trick them into going to one of the camps, to register them there, to take their fingerprints, and possibly to keep them for weeks or months. their goal is still to go to germany, and they are ready to fight for it. once again, they are back at protesting, settled in here in the transit zone, with the help of the ngo's now, who made a significant appearance for the first time, and they are in it or the long haul -- for the long haul. brent: hungary's prime minister has blamed germany for europe's refugee crisis. at a meeting on thursday, he said that german policies had encouraged people to travel through his country on their way to wealthier parts of the continent. he said the hunt gary and parliament would pass strict new
laws to stop people from entering his country. reporter: the president of the european parliament is a polite host, ready with a smile or all his guest -- for all his guests, even if there position on the refugee problem is vastly different from his own. when he speaks of widely different opinions, it's clear there was strife behind the scenes. at the press conference, he did not mince words. >> excuse me, but you know, between us, the problem is not a european problem. the problem is a german problem. nobody would like to stay in hungary, so we do not have difficulties with those who would like to stay in hungary. nobody would like to stay in hungary, nor slovakia, nor:, nor estonia -- nor poland. all of them would like to go to germany. reporter: martin schultz, on the
other hand, feels the refugee problem can only be managed with their distribution and that hungary can only benefit, but it's this very solution hungary rejected at a summit two months ago. >> the european idea is an idea of solidarity. what we see for the time being is exactly the opposite. reporter: before his next meeting, orban issued another statement should ruffle feathers in brussels. he said turkey in serbia are safe, and they should stay where they are. bren incredible words being spoken today. our correspondent is on this. orban saying this is a german problem, not a hungarian
problem, not a european problem. what does berlin had to say to that? reporter: berlin, to put it briefly, says he is wrong -- it's a european problem. the german chancellor was traveling in switzerland, and she wound -- she found very clear words, lecturing all european states that the geneva conventions guarantee asylum and safety for civilians caught up in conflicts and that that did indeed apply to all european union states. a very clear message here, also with a warning that one would have assess the very foundations of the very situation the european union is in at the moment as a whole. brent: the big question that remains unanswered is -- who is in charge in hungary, in
budapest? who is responsible for the refugees? do you get the feeling in berlin that europe is waiting for germany to step in? michaela: this is very different from the greek prices because you cannot simply throw money at the problem. ultimately, and legally, the hunt gary and state is responsible -- the hunt gary and -- the hungarian state is responsible, and the united nations said today that it had offered help which was rejected by the municipalities of budapest. this is more evidence that there seems to be not just been overwhelmed state that cannot deal with migrants coming in, but no real willingness to ease the situation. there's talk that there might be willingness on the side of hungary to at least listen to proposals for the quota system that will be debated next week,
but only, budapest says, if that will relieve pressure as it is, hungary feels, on budapest. brent: thank you very much. amid all the suffering and the thousands of people swept up in the migration crisis, one photo has shocked the world and encapsulated the whole tragedy. take a look -- this is the image . the body of a three-year-old syrian child, race down, in the surf -- the body of a three-year-old syrian child face down in the surf. a second image shows a worker cradling the boy's lifeless body . the boy's brother and mother also drowned. this is their tragic story. reporter: this is the story of a
boy in a red t-shirt, a story which ended tragically here on a beach in southwest turkey. in the early hours of wednesday, 23 people boarded two dinghies, trying to flee to greece just a few kilometers away, but the waves were too strong. the boats capsized. at least 12 people drowned. these survivors were the lucky ones. the boy in the red t-shirt was washed ashore dead. he was from syria. he was just re-years old -- three years old. his body was taken to the morgue along with the rest of the dead. relatives arrived to identify the victims. among the relatives, passenger on one boat when it capsized. he swam between his wife and two
sons, but he could not stop them drowning. the boy in the red t-shirt perished. he was this man's son. abdullah: just, i want to sit next to my children, to see my children. reporter: he tried applying for asylum in canada where his sister lives, but canada refused. kurdi felt he had no other option but to take to the season the hope of finding refuge in greece. the man's son, a boy and a red t-shirt, did not survive the journey. he drowned at the age of three. brent: we want to pull in our ethics and religion correspondent to the table this
evening. everything about this story is disturbing. also disturbing that it took a photo to get the world's attention, it seems. we've been reporting about this humanitarian crisis now for a while. what do you think it says about our society that a photo on social media can get so much attention? martin: i think it is both tragic, perhaps, but also very promising. in a sense, i think the problem we have is that we need to put a face on a name. in the new cycle, we have become used to this business becoming a matter of abstraction. we hear about numbers, we hear about this to -- we hear about distant lands, and we have a hard time empathizing. we have no idea what a million people means. try to think of what hundred people.
when million people is impossible. we have a face, a name, a t-shirt, and a body. brent: we had a discussion about if we should show this picture, and we decided to do that. a lot of people were thinking that the numbers -- they disappear into the ether, but this picture has not. martin: there's no doubt -- we need to ourselves be engaged in some sort of emotional pornography, but we have reached a point that is so dire that what ever is needed to convey the message that whatever is needed to emphasize that these are human faces -- brent: where will that come from? we have trains going nowhere, the leader of hungary saying, "it's not our problem" -- people
in charge are not talking about solutions or things to help the people who need it most. that is what it appears to be. martin: i think that is correct. politics is essentially is a game of johnny come too late. one of the most interesting things about social media in this kind of event is precisely that we had the capacity of citizens to take charge or minimally take the initiative. when we see journalists trying to bring refugees into their own homes or icelanders in which 50 people are allowed into the country but 10,000 citizens are inviting refugees to stay with them, we can clearly see that there is now an instrument to change the acts on the ground -- the facts on the ground. whatever it is that orban might be saying, whatever it is in brussels, we have a very strong sense not only that the situation is dire, but it is absolutely urgent, that there is simply no more time.
anchor: welcome back, everyone. our top stories right now -- asylum-seekers aspirate to leave hungary for western europe, but authorities will not let them go. europe's worst refugee crisis in decades increasingly a threat to eu unity. and this moving picture of a three-year-old refugee boy lying dead on a beach in turkey has caused a storm on social media and lead to demand for action across europe -- led to demand for action across europe.
monika jones is here now with an angle to this whole migrant crisis. reporter: it feels terribly wrong to talk about numbers in the face of such a tragedy, but then again, in greece, at least the refugee crisis does have an actual price tag. athens' government says it needs over one billion euros to cope with the tens of thousands arriving on its shores. the country, which is already suffering on the impact on its debt crisis, is unlikely to get that much from its commission, but greece says it will not settle for less -- it will settle for less as long as it gets some help. reporter: a massive influx of refugees and a cash-strapped country ill-equipped to deal with them. greece, seen as a gateway to the rest of europe, lacks the infrastructure and money to manage the arrivals.
it has called on the rest of the european union to chip in. "i believe that greece will need much more than one billion euros to deal with the current problem . i don't dare calculate what we would need if the wave continued . what we expect immediately with the help of the commission's 400 million euros for the asylum fund, 330 million for the poverty fund, and a series of small but necessary actions." but greece does not only lack infrastructure on land -- it does not have the facilities to properly manage its coast. the coast guard has 240 vessels of various types. 36% are not operational. "i have an obligation to say this -- it has seven aircraft, half of which are grounded. out of six helicopters, only one is able to fly.
this difficulty finding spare parts and funding when we need them." it's unclear if athens will get anywhere near the amount of money it is asking for, but the european commission has been in talks with government officials to help it manage the swelling numbers of asylum-seekers. monika: we leave the refugee crisis behind for a moment. the european central bank left rates at record lows. economic growth is lagging, and that is what the ecb worries about, so what is the connection? low interest rates encourage borrowing, if they are close to zero, why let money gather dust in bank accounts? why not make those purchases you have been putting off, but what about cash strapped economies? consumers often wait for prices to fall. it's a downward spiral that begins, and that is where mario draghi has stepped in.
his huge bond-buying program is designed to help create jobs, boost income and consumer spending, and that would crisis, keeping inflation at a stable level. ideally for the ecb, that would be around 2%, and that is the plan, at least. the ecb so far is sticking to it. reporter: it was not exactly a surprise, the ecb decided not to change its interest rate was widely expected. >> based on our regulatory and monetary analysis and then lied with -- in line with guidance, the council decided to keep key interest rates unchanged. our asset purchase problem continues to proceed. reporter: the ecb will effectively have to print more money if it wants to boost europe's economy. since march, it has been doing that by buying bonds.
the goal, to provide businesses and consumers with money and thereby reach a steady rate of inflation. the last time consumer prices rose by an appropriate amount was january 2013. what followed was a steady decline that turned to deflation at the end of the year, which caused consumer prices to fall. now the inflation rate is back at 2%. gasoline is one of the factors influencing consumer prices. it is currently relatively cheap, a result of the very low price for crude oil at the moment. that is weighing down on the consumer price average, and while it last, it will make it difficult to push prices up -- while it lasts. monika: the ecb keeps interest rates low. we've been talking about the fed interest rate, possibly a hike
coming soon, but the international monetary and -- international monetary fund says the fed should wait as well. what is wall street making of that? reporter: wall street does not really like to get advice from the government and also institutions like the international monetary fund. the imf probably is not just concerned about growth in the united states, but if you look at developing countries, for example, a lot of that -- a lot of debt is in u.s. dollars. so the dollar increase would put the price tag of this debt even higher, so that is probably also one reason why the imf is concerned. wall street dealings are pretty mixed on one side. the markets lived pretty well with all the cheap money in the past couple of years, but if we would see an increased interest
rate, that would also take some uncertainty away, so feelings are pretty mixed. monika: another connection -- the euro fell, making the dollar stronger. as far as i know, that's not exactly what the u.s. economy wants to see. reporter: but the ecb did not ask washington if they like the way the policy is done at this point, but for sure, you are correct. with the wording of the ecb meeting, we saw quite some pressure on the euro, so the dollar increase a good percentage, and that is definitely not hitting the taste of especially exporting companies here in the united states. it was somehow surprising in the beginning that we saw quite a positive reaction. the dow jones traded up that almost 200 points, but those gains vanished -- the dow jones traded up by almost 200 points. monika: thank you very much for
this update. that's all from the business desk. brent: thank you very much. now to some other stories that are making news around the world . a double suicide bombing has killed at least 19 people and wounded over 100 in northern cameroon. authorities say the attack occurred in the town of kerawa near the nigerian border. in guatemala, the country's president has appeared in court hours after resigning. he faces corruption charges that have rocked his country and plunged it into chaos just days before the election. in the capital, some gathered to celebrate the news. french prosecutors say a wing part found on reunion island in
july is definitely from flight mh 370. investigators use the maintenance records to match a serial number on the wing with the ill-feted going -- bill-fat -- ill-fated boeing. it is just over a year since germany were crowned world champions in rio, but their performance since then has been anything but majestic. right now, they are second in group for qualifying for next summer's championship and france. a loss to poland would heap pressure on their campaign, but the coach remained in a defiant mood on thursday. reporter: if the appearance of germany's world cup winning coach is anything to go by, aaron a very relaxed frame of mind, despite their recent poor
form. >> were actually glad to be in such a situation. i'm happy about having decisive matches. we are seeing it as a special challenge and motivation, not as pressure. reporter: he stressed the team had matured as a unit and added that he would continue to rotate his players. the only guarantee he gave before the match of a place in the starting lineup was to maria goetze. mario: i did not know that yet. it's an important match, but i'm looking forward to playing in it, and i'm really confident. reporter: ahead of their last game against poland in october 2014, the germany camp made an equally relaxed impression.
that encounter ended 2-04 the pol -- 2-0 for the poles. brent: before we go, a reminder of the top stories we are following for you -- hundreds of migrants remain in limbo desperate to reach europe. and this leading picture of a three-year-old refugee boy lying dead on a beach in turkey has caused a storm in social media and led to demands for action across europe. thanks for watching. i'm brent goff. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] ♪
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